The Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya (Russian: Tyполев Тy-114 Poccия) (NATO reporting name Cleat) was a turboprop-powered long-range airliner designed by the Tupolev design bureau and built in the Soviet Union from 1956. It is the world’s first and only swept wing turboprop airliner. The aircraft was the largest and fastest passenger plane at that time and at 10,900 km (6,800 mi) also had the longest range. It has held the official title of fastest propeller-driven aircraft since 1960.

Due to its swept wing and powerplant design, the Tu-114 was able to travel at speeds typical of modern jetliners, 880 km/h (550 mph). Although it was able to accommodate 224 passengers, when operated by Aeroflot, it was more common to provide 170 sleeping berths and a dining lounge.

In 14 years of civilian service, the Tu-114 was reported to have a high level of safety and reliability.[citation needed] The Tu-114 carried over six million passengers before being replaced by the jet-powered Ilyushin Il-62. 32 aircraft were built at the Kuibyshev aviation plant (No.18) in the early 1960s.

Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya Promo Film – 1959
Rare promo film featuring neat scenes of the Tupolev TU-114 prototype wearing her unique livery. The type began service with Aeroflot in 1961, and served the carrier until 1976.

Sources: YouTube; Wikipedia

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